Dementia is a general term describing any decline in cognitive abilities such as memory, thinking and reasoning to such an extent that it interferes with daily living. Dementia is not a single disease but is caused by numerous conditions or diseases; Alzheimer’s is most frequently the culprit behind dementia. Other possible sources include vascular dementia, Lewy body dementia, frontotemporal dementia, and Parkinson’s disease dementia.

Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive and irreversible brain condition that slowly destroys memory and cognitive skills, being one of the leading forms of dementia, accounting for 60-80% of cases worldwide. Alzheimer’s affects various areas of the brain involved with memory, thinking and behaviour.

Home care services for individuals living with dementia or Alzheimer’s disease often focus on offering assistance with daily tasks, ensuring their safety, and improving overall wellness.